tv Eco Africa Deutsche Welle August 21, 2019 2:30pm-3:00pm CEST
resonate with and it's. the moonlight and the music. meet over the 1st want 2019 from september 6th to september 29th. hello and welcome to a new edition of equal africa brought to you by d.w. kwesi and channels t.v. i mean johannesburg and my name is with me is my charming colleague in nigeria hey andy. and hello everybody on mail to me and greetings from this part of the world over the next half hour they're about we will be looking at some interesting stories on the environment from europe and the atlantic ocean.
to research the history of the water. back on land and we will take a spin on the bike made from bamboo. before switching to an electric turkey in nairobi the very 1st of its kind in the city. we start the show it's a day with the atlantic where a research vessel recently made a trip from the far far south to germany it was on a mission to examine the state of the ocean and the effects of climate change a group of students from around the world took part in that research let's hear their findings. we are hundreds of kilometers west of the moroccan coast 3 weeks ago this research vessel set sail from the falkland islands to germany the students and researchers onboard want to know just how serious is the state of the oceans how strong is the
impact of climate change. felony i know. studies aquatic bio science in madagascar it's her 1st time on a ship like this she's never done any deep sea sampling before. they teach us how to collect samples from the front a device but. we have no idea how to proceed like how to deploy it actually or. before deploying that it's. into the water so it was a bit challenging because you have no idea and at some point people tell you all you have to tell the crew that it's a time to deploy where and when. the probe is lowered to 5000 meters below the surface where it takes water samples cold water sinks to the bottom of the sea and doesn't mix with upper layers anymore the water that they
retrieve from the depths was last exposed to surface weather conditions hundreds of years ago that makes the samples very valuable for determining whether climate change can already be observed far beneath the surface in the labs the students examine the samples for oxygen microorganisms and salinity all values that are influenced by higher temperatures over the past 50 years the ocean has warmed by 0.8 degrees celsius with no end in sight most of the students come from countries where the effects of climate change are already noticeable mohamed osman hussein studies c and lake science in belgium in his homeland kenya it's now much too dry in many regions. of course landed a lot of soil and often. there's also little or talk of sea level rise or how it will even close to the sea so we need it but at the same time look at sea surface temperature so kenya is a tourist country where people come to you to see the beautiful coral climate
change kind of affects us in terms of bleaching water looks. ok now we can go. to perdition. the aim is to prepare young people from developing countries for local climate research the students learn things like how to calculate climate models how to determine air pollution based on the reflection of the ocean and how to analyze micro plastics polar research or paper lemkin leads the onboard seminar on climate models. he says industrialized western countries have a special responsibility for climate protection. we started causing climate change 150 years ago and we're still doing it by a meeting c o 2 and of course we have to do something to prevent parrots and that's something that only works when we do it together teaching is such a joy because the younger generation has to and wants to know more about this on
the most vigorous office and felony i know from madagascar says taking part has encouraged her to spread environmental awareness in her home country she's discovered how much as possible even without big research projects. before in history some is intrigued i had no idea that there's open source. and free software that you can use for. a resource muttering for satellite image on the nice and and everything so i truly want to share to my complex rewards that there's a lot that we can do. friendships have formed over the 4 weeks on the ocean the ship has now reached its destination germany but the students plan to stay in touch with each other when they return home. mohammed ahmed hussein says he'll never forget the experience he hopes to come back next time as
a climate researcher i miss the place actually a lot it has been amazing living on board for 4 weeks and i know it feels like it's already home in a way and all of that how for piece of me on the polished i'm a scientist hopefully we need to get as we say in my culture people do meet it's only won't instead of meat. how much of the you know about silk worms they are recently come from china and are used to produce their use has since bread and the unknown being bred in kenya their climate crisis is forcing farmers to find alternatives to food crops one of those options is to produce. forms they're not the leaves of trees and they're giving hope to farmers in kenya due to the extreme weather patterns of recent years you don't know we know has turned to farming and this is the 26th the day and you can see the.
already spinning. they are making points in other words they have already reached this stage that 2 people stage yes so as the as the as they spin we have asked our quince the former senior research at the international center insecure geology and ecology started this venture and 2015 what is left for us in form of corns we shall subject it to post harvesting processes that includes the flow shown of the cook and you know removing their pupae inside so that we use the remaining part of it for producing that thread today you don't know we know owns our own 500000 margaret
trees planted over 5 cows. many of the farmers in the region are following his example. to find a profitable crop to sustain their lives there ditching traditional cash crops such as coffee maize or sugar cane we haven't been working. to develop technologies for this ilk. so that we can give seeds and appropriate entering elations for. groups. of villages where they can of a collection center for the us and we are linking farmers markets. on your silk production amounts to approximately 2 metric tons of dried cochran's but the potential is far greater the marbury trees whose leaves the warms it are
drawn to tyrant and resistant to the current morcha souness's pairing of silk worms for production of raw silk or sorry culture is becoming increasingly popular as a result we have. in the country and in kunduz where it is huge. done isn't getting the production is in. china. japan. and in india it is. so if you lead kenya and you continue to do. 97 is also used in the manufacture of skin products contact lenses soaps and woman organic products the national sorry culture research center is contrary offering from a subsidy plans and marbury cartoons are very subsidised rights and with the help of international investors they are also working to transfer money and help them
identify markets. the. 100 he has a gold com how did being just to see who could export and after that. we study that a lot of say culture and. su so now we have high technology all the soup and. take us about the can to use it because of the. 2 developed and also the crime it the crime it's in the kenya is much better. japan to take culture and bad doctoring to the chans in climatic conditions small farmers like you tom we know how fond a way of sustaining their livelihoods. were staying in kenya but
moving from the countryside to the capital nairobi public transport very sparse traffic is terrible and horrible it's all about the petrol and diesel that's being burned electric vehicles especially ones powered from renewable sources would certainly make a difference while nairobi now has some taxis the operated by a subsidiary of a finnish company eco rent and it has been growing its feet. you don't see the difference you only hear it or rather you don't. can you express fully electric car is almost silent. you know africa they can only operate in cities where there's a reliable electricity supply. charging takes about 2 hours. and once fully charged it can travel up to 150 kilometers the battery can last up
to 15 years. a finnish company launched its b. taxi named a ride last year in nairobi you can hail it with an ad. today the company has 11 vehicles operating in the kenyan capital. and as the drivers don't have to pay for gasoline they charge less for a ride the normal taxis do. it will take many more electric cars to make a difference to the polluted air in nairobi but it's a start. and how about you. if you are also doing your bit tell us about it visit our website or send us a tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your story. bikes made out of not only do they look great but they're also eco friendly so
a young man from germany decided to bring the idea from africa and sell the bikes in the home country with growing success we went to meet the entrepreneurs in northern germany. kill in northern germany is a city of boats and bikes. but even here the 2 bikes ridden by maximilian shy and. stand out from the rest of their frames are made of bamboo. we were just used to it's people always ask does it hold up that many people knock on it. right and then they'll knock on it to see if it really is bamboo or just painted metal those are the top 2 reactions when people see these bikes. the 2 men discovered bamboo in 2012 as students they launched their company their idea
to help produce sustainable bikes in ghana and sell them in europe. the finishing touches are made in germany they say bamboo is ideal for bicycles. bamboo is a long grained grass unlike other materials normally used for bicycles. the lawn brain allows for a tougher exterior but low weight and very. i flexibility construction scaffolding in asia for instance can be very high and flexible in the wind yet it's extremely stable that's why it's used for scaffolding in asia and for bicycle frames that our company for found on bones. the men from keel work with a local project in ghana helping to set up a bicycle frame factory. bamboo is a commonly used material in the region it's ready for harvest in just 3 years. about 80 man hours go into making each frame more than 40 jobs were created the profits go to finance building a new school and live on the dia was not to have our own production in ghana but to
work with a great partner there on an equal footing they take the production into their own hands with the raw material that grows there and they know the local people culture and customs when we finish and market the product in europe you don't and the report often mark green and freddie almost. they're not the only ones making bicycles from natural materials the tubes for this bicycles frame are made of flax fiber various manufacturers are also making bikes out of wood. to the us rudolph builds bicycles from natural products in berlin many hours of work go into each bike even so he doesn't see these materials as real competition for metal. as long as natural materials involve lots of manual labor they have no chance you'll never reach a price where the general public says yes i want that bicycle the bamboo bicycles by my crew cost from 15024500 euros many buyers use them as alternatives to their
cars. lies i know that bicycles have their price but once i realized i'd be supporting a social and sustainable product the bike was worth every cent to me. but our bamboo bikes real. the eco friendly after all the frames are shipped to germany all the way from ghana. $100.00 kind of food for sustainability 3 components are essential to us there's the environmental aspect of course but just as important as the social and the economic sustainability it's hard to know which aficionados kind of are was it's a great compromise to say it's a step in the right direction but on our social commitment is 100 percent and ecologically ours are a cut above any other bicycle. bicycles made of natural materials are both attractive and sustainable. green space
is already in the ethiopian capital added but there's only museum and exhibition space and garden which opened earlier this year as a green haven in the middle of town it is designed to promote links between ots aka texture and the environment let's take a look. at. the rainy season has started and the soma garden is re joisting this lush away says is the newest addition to cultural spaces and the creation of mess graham and her friend. here architecture in nature are celebrated together these ecological huts turned into works of art were built using an ancient construction technique. process where you actually get the subsoil you have to dig about half a metre before you get the soil the only thing you add is water and straw for about a month and it lasts for hundreds and hundreds of years it's. controlled.
in so many ways it's one of the best i think sustainable houses surrounded by a labyrinth of plants most of which are endemic a dream come true for mask room. the danger is underneath but this is what it looks like. tenet is often dipped into coffee. and this plant has strong medicinal virtues in a city where concrete highrises are growing like mushrooms the zouma museum is a space for humans to breathe and for nature to grow in the city is going fast i think. in the right direction many of the trees are. dying out. of the air is polluted or even completely poisoned we're all affected one way or another we're all connected through the environment. reconnecting humans to the environment is precisely the aim of the zouma school.
one that he knew. several times a week these young children come in small groups and take care of those on the garden and it's farm. the school is open to all. but only the most privileged can afford the fees. the students when this age they have to learn about their gardens me about the foods it's organic they can pets they can see and that can even paste it so they know about it and it's getting to the. despite these multiple facets of the zouma museum has not said its last word yet more than 40 bridges are waiting for international artists to transform them into works of art after his recent visit prime minister i might ask for the garden to be extended an encouraging show of political support for the project only a couple months after its grand opening. zimbabwe's changing climate means that
farmers are being forced to look for new ways to make a living some have now started to breed free range chickens why's that and. pest control they feed on insects and food waste now a national organization is encouraging more farmers to take up the breeding we went to meet some farmers who are doing just that to find out why and how getting out. there's no guarantee that sinecure we do based fields will produce enough for her to eat. here in north western zimbabwe farmers are already feeling the effects of climate change is real things aren't like they were in previous years so the weather is different now. for one thing we used to get rain from october to december but now we get little to none in the past there was enough rain for our crops and cattle but that's all changed this is. to make sure she'll have enough to
eat in future scene the kuli do bay has brought some hands. she feeds them kitchen waste. because they can run about freely they can also forage for food. about an hour's drive south close to the city of. french hens are being bred commercially their meat has become trendy in restaurants in zimbabwe's towns and cities. it's said to be tastier than the meat of battery reared hands. used to be a vegetable farmer then she decided to take on free range hens as well today an expert on free range breeding has come to give her tips on getting even more out of her farm the cookbook breed is good for both eggs and meat production so it's very popular among breeders but it's important not to rely on just one breed there's
a bubble for. different breeds. there is that market for the indigenous to fight. and we want to put takes in that. so that to produce that. the eggs here don't go to market there's a more lucrative use for them they're being baited to just under 38 degrees celsius for 3 weeks the chicks are sold for a euro apiece to farmers who want to start their own free range operations sales here come to about a 1000 euros a month but nonetheless energy costs are so high that maka is planning to switch to solar power electricity is phased in egypt live television is because we use electricity. said if they have to be out so we saw it in that heat
so that it becomes that he ends up with the inquiries when he found out it's not a video it's going to kill any genetic duffels aids to $10.00. energy may be costly but waste from the fields is free it's used to feed the hens. their droppings are used to fertilize the fields this is organic cultivation and the farm is already supplying 3 supermarkets with vegetables. beauty gigi spends much time traveling throughout some barboy her efforts are paying off some $5000.00 farmers have already joined the zimbabwe free range poultry association but she wants to recruit more of them and for that she's prepared to workshop in a clear and simple way beauty g.g. shows villagers the environmental and financial benefits of raising different breeds on a large scale. anyone in any farm
can start. up price we thought. pretty big that they had and secondly it's an investment into price. it doesn't need complicated house seeing it doesn't need complicated breeds or feed you could use the available materials. the farmers tend to be cautious even if the hens do generate cash they want to keep the costs down. earthworms are one type of fodder that comes for free and raising them in a mash of kitchen waste cattle dung and moisture means they can reproduce easily. a lack of awareness of these programs is why interest among my peers is many would rather leave to seek employment elsewhere than take part in the project i'll do my
best to convince them it's worthwhile to get involved it's a chance to develop a meaningful livelihood jobs are hard to come by nowadays. then at sundown something odd happens something that never ceases to amuse the villagers their free range hens all take to the trees to settle down for their night's rest. but this has a beneficial side effect the trees in which the hens sleep are valued by the villagers and are therefore rarely cut down. and that's it for today thank you for watching you can always find out more and this is us on our social media platforms goodbye from me and for me in johannesburg we hope we've given you some food for thought do tuning again next week for a brand new episode of africa by phone now.
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